Cancers are becoming more common day by day. It is good for us to know in advance the different types of cancer to take precautions and protect ourselves from it. The number of cases of thyroid cancer has increased in recent years. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of our neck under the larynx. It hides the thyroxine necessary for the growth and regulation of the body’s metabolism. Thyroid cancer develops in the cells of the thyroid gland.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped glands, one on each side of the spine in the abdomen. Renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer in adults. Wilm’s tumor is the type of cancer that develops in children.
SYMPTOMS OF THYROID AND KIDNEY CANCER
Thyroid cancer does not cause any symptoms in its early stages. However, as the cancer develops, it develops certain symptoms, which are:
(I) a lump in the neck area with pain in the neck and throat
(II) pain when ingesting food
(III) changes in voice, usually becoming hoarse
(IV) inflammation of the lymph nodes in the neck
Like thyroid cancer, the symptoms of kidney cancer appear in later stages. Some commonly found symptoms are:
I) hematuria or blood in the urine, which may be pink
(II) weight loss and appetite
(III) fatigue accompanied by back pain and fever
Factors that increase your chances of getting thyroid cancer are:
(I) radiation exposure: if your neck or head has been exposed to radiation during certain radiation therapies, the risk of thyroid cancer increases.
(II) hereditary genetic syndromes: if you have inherited specific genetic syndromes such as multiple endocrine neoplasia or Cowden’s syndrome, your chances of getting thyroid cancer also increase.
(III) female sex: thyroid cancer is more common in women than in men.
Risk factors for kidney cancer are:
(I) Old Age and obesity: with age, the risk of kidney cancer increases, but other than that, being obese also makes you prone to cancer. People with a healthy weight are less likely to get cancer.
(II) high blood pressure or high blood pressure: high blood pressure also increases the risk of developing cancer.
(III) hereditary syndromes: people born with certain syndromes are more susceptible to kidney cancers. These syndromes are tuberous sclerosis complex, hereditary papillary renal carcinoma or familial kidney cancer.
(IV) family history: like many other cancers, if kidney cancer occurs in your family or loved ones, the chances of developing it increase.
(V) male sex: men are more likely to develop this cancer.
Treatment of kidney cancer may include surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, where drugs are used to treat certain types of kidney cancer. The most used and effective treatments are surgeries, drugs such as Lenvakst (Lenvatinib) and radiation therapy.
Lenvakst (Lenvatinib) can be taken orally with or without food. The dose depends on whether it is used to treat kidney or thyroid cancer. It is best to consult your doctor regarding dosage. Side effects of this drug are shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, weight loss and appetite, abdominal pain, fatigue, headache and joint pain.
Lenvakst (Lenvatinib) is an anti-cancer medicine used in adults to cure advanced thyroid cancer when radioactive iodine treatment has not been successful. It can also be used to cure kidney cancer with everolimus. It contains an active substance called Lenvatinib.